Unlike the zoom lens, a prime lens has a fixed focal length which cannot be adjusted. Prime lenses are slightly quicker to focus with a much better level in picture quality as there are less moving parts within the lens itself.
Macro lenses allow you to capture extreme close ups. They create a unique image of tiny subjects that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
Wide Angle Lens:
This lens allows you to fit much more into an image than others, widening the amount of space that you can capture within the image.
This lens is great when you have limited ability to step backwards to get more into an image or when shooting land and seascapes.
Fish Eye Lens:
This is an oval shaped, 180 degree view of the world. Initially created to give the photographer the ability to capture whole skies and landscapes. A fun little lens that you can use creatively.
High magnification lens enabling you to take long range action photography for the likes of sports and wildlife. It allows you to be further from the action and still capture in close shots. A monopod is usually used to stop camera shake on the images.
These are pretty straight forward. They hold the camera steady for long periods of time. It also give you the ability to take yourself into the image!
The same basic functionality as the tripod with only one ‘leg’. Much more convenient to carry around than a tripod, easier to carry and transport. Some places won’t allow a tripod, like courtside at a sports match. They are often used in fashion and paparazzi images as well as they are easy to pick up and carry. Having only one leg means that you cannot simply let the camera sit on top of it and walk away, the main difference between the two.